Biology & Behavior

Photo: Susan McConnell

Lions are Africa's largest carnivore.

Photo: Ken and Michelle Dyball

The males of this majestic species weigh up to 570 lbs. and females up to 277 lbs.

Lions form prides that consist of groups of adult females, smaller numbers of males, sub-adults and cubs. 

The adult females in a pride are typically all related, though unrelated sub-adults are sometimes allowed to join. 

Photo: Jon McCormack

Male cubs leave the pride and stay together as nomads until they are mature and manage to take over a pride. These nomadic groups sometimes accept unrelated males in order to boost their numbers and their prospects of taking over a pride. 

Lions frequently hunt cooperatively, and tackle a wide range of prey, from rodents to large herbivores.